Breast Cancer Genetic Screening:
Breast cancer, as the name suggests, takes its origin from the breasts in the form of lumps and spreads its wings from there to different parts of the body. It is a dangerous disease and can hamper the health and life of an individual; in certain cases may even lead to the death of an individual. As per the research studies, a considerable decline in the number of deaths pertaining to breast cancer has been observed. This has been possible due to early detection of breast cancer genes which has surged the process of breast cancer diagnosis leading to lower fatality rates. Early detection of BRCA1 and BRCA 2 genes can help in following a more personalized approach towards the patient and also helps the doctor in designing effective treatment plans.
Knowing BRCA Genes:
Breast Cancer genes (BRCA) play a crucial role in early detection of breast cancer. These genes function normally in an individual and bear the properties of tumour suppressor genes. These genes also play a role in DNA repair mechanism. In short, they are important in the functioning of the body. However, any mutation occurring in these genes modifies the functioning of these genes and directs the functions of the body in the development of cancer. Mutations occurring in BRCA1 gene leads to the development of Breast cancer while mutations in BRCA2 may result in ovarian cancer in addition to breast cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes heritable changes if passed on to the child, increase the risk of developing cancer during the lifetime of the individual. Breast cancer is most commonly noticed in females. However, to a certain extent, males are also affected by breast cancer.
BRCA Screening in India:
Breast cancer screening is offered by some genetic testing diagnostic labs across the nation. One of the thought leaders in the field of genetic testing, Genes2Me offers BRCA test using advanced Next-generation sequencing technology. In addition to BRCA genes, this testing methodology also screens for additional genes which may increase the risk of breast, ovarian and pancreatic cancer. BRCA test offered by Genes2Me comes with pre and post genetic counselling options which can help the patient in understanding the test in a detailed manner and also helps in understanding the reports post-test results. With exceptional sensitivity and accuracy, BRCA test turnaround time is 3-4 weeks from the date of sample collection. A trained and certified genetic counsellor helps the patient to convert reports into meaningful results.
BRCA1 and BRCA2 Test Cost in India:
BRCA genes genetic screening cost varies in different parts of the country. An approximate price range exists between ₹15000-₹30,000. This cost can be negotiated depending upon the technology used and the number of genes under consideration. Early detection is the key to prevent breast cancer. Knowing the mutation present in BRCA genes, one can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer during the lifetime. If the results come out to be positive, the doctor can plan a personalized approach for the purpose of treatment and diagnosis.